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Issue No.Vol. No. 5 Issue No. 3 - Publication Year 2016

AuthorAhmad Fadzil Ahmad ShuhailiSuzana YusupN.b Osman

Article TitleUtilization Of Crude Rubber Seed Oil (crso) For The Production Of Biogasoline: Physicochemical Studies

From Page No.33

To Page No.38

Release Date14-02-2017

Abstract

The main objective of this paper is to investigate crude rubber seed oil (CRSO), a non-edible type of vegetable oil, hence that
can be considered as a potential alternative fuel in Malaysia. The rubber seed production in Malaysia is about 150-200 kg/ha
per annum. The estimated availability of rubber seed is about 30,000 MT/year. At present, rubber seed oil has not been found
to be utilized in any major application. The challenge of the present study is to analyze the suitability and feasibility of rubber
seed oil applied as biofuel, specifically in biogasoline range. Standard procedures of American Oil Chemists Society and ASTM
Standard were used to determine the physicochemical properties of crude rubber seed oil (CRSO). Using standard techniques the
specific properties data were obtained for this bio-oil namely for the following parameters: pH, specific gravity, refractive index,
water content, peroxide value, acid value, kinematic viscosity, calorific value, density, molecular weight, flash point, cloud point,
pour point, CHNS contents, saponification value, iodine value, and oxidative stability. Properties of rubber seed oil in comparison
with standard biodiesel and other source of oils were also given. The observed values of this study were in agreement with the
CRSO values of previous literature. The characteristic features of CRSO from this study show that CRSO can be exploited as an
environmentally friendly alternative biofuel.

The main objective of this paper is to investigate crude rubber seed oil (CRSO), a non-edible type of vegetable oil, hence that

can be considered as a potential alternative fuel in Malaysia. The rubber seed production in Malaysia is about 150-200 kg/ha

per annum. The estimated availability of rubber seed is about 30,000 MT/year. At present, rubber seed oil has not been found

to be utilized in any major application. The challenge of the present study is to analyze the suitability and feasibility of rubber

seed oil applied as biofuel, specifically in biogasoline range. Standard procedures of American Oil Chemists Society and ASTM

Standard were used to determine the physicochemical properties of crude rubber seed oil (CRSO). Using standard techniques the

specific properties data were obtained for this bio-oil namely for the following parameters: pH, specific gravity, refractive index,

water content, peroxide value, acid value, kinematic viscosity, calorific value, density, molecular weight, flash point, cloud point,

pour point, CHNS contents, saponification value, iodine value, and oxidative stability. Properties of rubber seed oil in comparison

with standard biodiesel and other source of oils were also given. The observed values of this study were in agreement with the

CRSO values of previous literature. The characteristic features of CRSO from this study show that CRSO can be exploited as an

environmentally friendly alternative biofuel.

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